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Key Stage 1

Reading for Pleasure

Why not visit the Oxford Owl website and take advantage of the free ebooks available! Why not explore a variety of genres and formats, including fiction and non-fiction for a range of ages and abilities.  If you wish to, you can write a  book review about your favourite book; I will look forward to reading these. 

 

http://www.oxfordowl.co.uk/

 

Miss Beverley (Literacy Leader)

We want to improve our grammar at Adel Primary School!

In our new curriculum, children have a bank of terminology that they need to understand through discussion and practice.  You can find the 'terminology for pupils' below so both you and your child/children can learn at home.  

I've also uploaded it as a word document if you wish to print it out and use.

 

Miss Beverley (Literacy Leader)

 

 

Grammar Terminology

Year 1

Word

Definition

Example

letter

A letter is a character representing one or more of the sounds used in speech; any of the symbols of an alphabet.

a, b, c etc

capital letter

A letter written or printed in a larger size than and often in a form differing from its corresponding lower case letter; an upper case letter

A, B, C etc

word

A word is a single distinct meaningful element of speech or writing, used with others (or sometimes alone) to form a sentence and typically shown with a space on either side when written or printed

apple, banana, carrot etc

singular

Being only one; individual; lone.

A singular tree in the meadow.

plural

A plural noun normally has a suffixs or –es and means ‘more than one’.

There are a few nouns with different morphology in the plural (e.g. mice, formulae).

dogs [more than one dog];

boxes [more than one box];

mice [more than one mouse]

 

sentence

A sentence is a group of words which are grammatically connected to each other but not to any words outside the sentence.

The form of a sentence’s main clause shows whether it is being used as a statement, a question, a command or an exclamation.

 

The terms ‘single-clause sentence’ and ‘multi-clause sentence’ may be more helpful.

John went to his friend’s house. He stayed there till tea-time.

John went to his friend’s house, he stayed there till tea-time. [This is a ‘comma splice’, a common error in which a comma is used where either a full stop or a semi-colon is needed to indicate the lack of any grammatical connection between the two clauses.]

 

punctuation

The point of punctuation is (a) to make meaning clear and (b) to indicate how the reader should use intonation and pauses to help convey meaning.

See below

full stop

A full stop is placed at the end of declarative sentences.

Some full stops are also used in some lower case abbreviations which might otherwise be confused with words.

Jane and Jack went to the market.

 

(e.g.)

question mark

A question mark (?) is used to indicate a direct question when placed at the end of a sentence.

When did Jane leave for the market?

 

exclamation mark

An exclamation point/mark (!) is used when a person wants to express a sudden outcry or add emphasis.

Within dialogue: “Get out!” screamed Jane.

 

To emphasise a point:

Having an argument makes me furious!

 

Grammar Terminology

Year 2

Word

Definition

Example

noun

The name of a person, place or thing.

 

 

Common or proper, e.g. woman/Florence Nightingale; city/ Leeds; dog/Lassie; doll/Barbie.

 

Singular or plural, e.g. man/men; city/cities; dog/dogs (regular plural: add s/es)

 

Collective, e.g. herd, team, army

 

Concrete, e.g. pencil, mountain, snow or abstract, e.g. justice, peace, happiness.

noun phrase

A noun phrase is built around a noun.

the lady with the lamp;

the capital city of England;

an enormous herd of cows in the far meadow;

the dog that saved its owner’s life.

statement

These are the most common type of sentence. We use them to make statements.

The butter was in the cupboard yesterday.

 

Dinosaurs lived millions of years ago.

question

When we want to ask questions, we use interrogative sentences.

These types of sentences often have an auxiliary verb before the subject.

Where is the butter?

 

When did dinosaurs live?

 

exclamation

An exclamatory sentence makes a statement with emotion.

It ends with an exclamation mark.

I can't find the butter!

 

The tyrannosaurus rex was huge!

 

command

These types of sentences give orders. The fancy name for a command is an imperative sentence.

 

Show me the butter.

 

Give me a dinosaur for my birthday.

 

compound

A compound word contains at least two root words in its morphology.  e.g.

 

whiteboard; superman; blackbird; blow-dry; bookshop; ice-cream; inkjet; one-eyed; bone-dry; baby-sit; daydream; outgrow etc.

suffix

A suffix is an ‘ending’, used at the end of one word to turn it into another word. Unlike root words, suffixes cannot stand on their own as a complete word.

call – called

teach – teacher [turns a verb into a noun]

terror – terrorise [turns a noun into a verb]

green – greenish [leaves word class unchanged]              

adjective

‘Tells you more about a noun’.

 

Adjectives can come before a noun to help form a noun phrase.

 

They can also refer back a noun, after a verb such ‘be’ or ‘feel’.

 

As well as the basic ‘positive’ form, they can be comparative or superlative.

the pink fluffy monster

 

 

The monster was pink. It felt fluffy.

 

 

 

 

pinker, fluffier (comparative)

pinkest, fluffiest (superlative)

adverb

‘Background detail about what happens, e.g. how? when? where?’

Many adverbs are formed by adding –ly to an adjective.

 

Adverbs can modify words.

 

Adverbs are the ‘roving reporters’ of the sentence – they can moved about, thus affecting rhythm and/or emphasis

 

Any phrase or clause ‘telling more about what happens’ in this way is known as an adverbial – these often begin with prepositions or subordinating conjunctions.

 

 

slow – slowly; recent – recently; local – locally (but many are not e.g. well, yesterday, everything)

 

He spoke really slowly.

 

Everywhere, there is chaos or There is chaos everywhere

verb

The verb is the main word around which a sentence is built.

 

Verbs have tense, shown by regular verbs by a change to the word ending.

he plays -  he played

he sings; he eats  - he sang; at ate

tense (past/present)

Verbs in the present tense are often commonly used:

  • talk about the present
  • talk about the future

Emily goes to the pool every day.

 

He can swim.

 

The bus arrives at three.

 

My friends are coming to play.

apostrophe

An apostrophe is used to show that letters have been omitted.

 

It is used to show possessive nouns.

can’t, should’ve, o’clock, she’s, it’s etc

 

 

the cat’s tail (where a singular cat is the possessor of a tail

the cats’ tail (where plural cats are the possessors of tails NB The children’s coats, the men’s boots.

Why we can't live without books

At Adel Primary School, children love to read and as a result, the whole school took part in a competition to show just how important reading for pleasure is; they completed posters and these are now displayed in our library!

Reading for Pleasure

 

In order to encourage your child to read at home, I've uploaded a set of questions that can help parents whilst listening to your child. These questions will undoubtedly help your child's reading comprehension skills. I hope they help!

Miss Beverley

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